The Russian invasion of Ukraine presents potential environmental consequences. Since early 2022, Russian forces have attacked multiple oil refineries across the country. Watershed analysis indicates that contamination from these attacks could pollute lands, groundwater, and seep into nearby surface waters.
Geospatial analysis of the Kremenchuk and Odessa Oil Refineries – which have both been targeted by Russian attacks and are situated near major waterways – reveals potential environmental degradation specifically in the surrounding areas, with the possibility of disruptions to human health and agricultural lands. This analysis can serve as a long-term impact model, or partial model, for future oil or other chemical storage attacks in other regions.
GIS-based hydrological analysis identifying the topography surrounding two Russian-attacked oil refineries in Ukraine reveals potential negative impacts on the region's watersheds.